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Flexed Arm-Hang Test

Testing and measurement are the means of collecting information upon which subsequent performance evaluations and decisions are made but, in the analysis, we need to bear in mind the factors that may influence the results.


The objective of this test is to monitor the muscular endurance of the athlete's elbow flexors and shoulder extensors.

Required Resources

To undertake this test, you will require:

  • Bar above head height
  • Stopwatch
  • Assistant

How to conduct the test

This test requires the athlete to perform and hold a chin up position, using a bar above head height, for as long as possible.

  • The athlete warms up for 10 minutes
  • The athlete uses a flexed arm hang position with the palms of the hand facing them
  • Using their arms, the athlete raises their chin above the bar to the "start position"
  • Once the athlete is in the "start position" the assistant starts the stopwatch
  • The athlete is to maintain the "start position" for as long as possible
  • The assistant stops the stopwatch when the athlete's chin drops below the top of the bar or 30 seconds has elapsed
  • The assistant records the time the "start position " was held for
Flexed arm-hang test


The following normative data is available for this test:

Gender Excellent Above Average Average Below Average Poor
Male >13 9 - 13 6 - 8 3 - 5 <3
Female >6 5 - 6 3 - 4 1 - 2 0

Table adapted from Davis et al. (2000) [3]


Analysis of the test result is by comparing it with the athlete's previous results for this test. It is expected that, with appropriate training between each test, the analysis would indicate an improvement in the athlete's strength endurance (Cotten 1990)[1]

Target Group

This test is suitable for active athletes but not for individuals where the test would be contraindicated.


Test reliability refers to the degree to which a test is consistent and stable in measuring what it is intended to measure. Reliability will depend upon how strict the test is conducted and the individual's level of motivation to perform the test.


Test validity refers to the degree to which the test actually measures what it claims to measure and the extent to which inferences, conclusions, and decisions made on the basis of test scores are appropriate and meaningful. This test provides a means to monitor the effect of training on the athlete's physical development (Pate 1993)[2]


  • Minimal equipment required
  • Simple to set up and conduct


  • Assistant required to administer the test


  1. COTTEN, D.J. (1990) An analysis of the NCYFS II Modified Pull-up Test. Res Q Exerc Sport, 61 (3), p. 272-4.
  2. PATE, R.R. et al. (1993) Validity of field tests of upper body muscular strength. Res Q Exerc Sport, 64 (1), p. 17-24.
  3. DAVIS, B. et al. (2000) Physical Education and the Study of Sport. UK: London, Harcourt Publishers Ltd. p. 124 Table 4.4

Related References

The following references provide additional information on this topic:

  • PATE, R. et al. (1987) The modified pull-up test. Journal of Physical Education, Recreation & Dance, 58 (9), p. 71-73
  • COTTEN, D. J. and MARWITZ, B. (1969) Relationship between two flexed-arm hangs and pull-ups for college women. Research Quarterly. American Association for Health, Physical Education and Recreation, 40 (2), p. 415-416

Page Reference

If you quote information from this page in your work, then the reference for this page is:

  • MACKENZIE, B. (2005) Flexed Arm-Hang Test [WWW] Available from: [Accessed

Related Pages

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