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The Task and Ego Orientation in Sports Questionnaire (TEOSQ) (Duda 1989)[1] can be used to assess whether an individual defines success in a sporting context as "task orientated" or "ego orientated".

Required Resources

To undertake this test, you will require:

  • Copy of the Questionnaire (see below)
  • Assistant

How to conduct the test

  • The assistant explains the test protocol to the athlete:
    • Consider the statement "I feel most successful in a sport when…" and read each of the questions on the questionnaire below and indicate how much you personally agree with each statement by entering an appropriate score where:
    • 1 = strongly disagree, 2 = disagree, 3 = neutral, 4 = agree, 5 = strongly agree
  • The athlete completes the questionnaire - no time limit
  • The assistant determines and records the athlete's TEOSQ scores


I feel most successful in sport when…

1) I am the only one who can do the play or skill
2) I learn a new skill and it makes me want to practice more
3) I can do better than my friends
4) The others cannot do as well as me
5) I learn something that is fun to do
6) Others mess up, but I do not
7) I learn a new skill by trying hard
8) I work really hard
9) I score the most points/goals/hits, etc.
10) Something I learn makes me want to go practice more
11) I am the best
12) A skill I learn really feels right
13) I do my very best

0 (Zero) is treated as 1 and a value above 5 is treated as 5


Select the "Calculate" button for an assessment of your Ego & Task orientation.

Ego Orientation   Task Orientation (1 = Low ..... 5 = High)

NaN = You did not enter a number as a score

The Ego and Task orientation results are calculated are as follows (q=question):

  • Ego Orientation = (q1 + q3 + q4 + q6 + q9 + q11) ÷ 6
  • Task Orientation = (q2 + q5 + q7 + q8 + q10 + q12 + q13) ÷ 7


Analysis of the result is by comparing it with the results of previous tests. It is expected that, with appropriate training between each test, the analysis would indicate an improvement.

Target Group

This test is suitable for anyone but not for individuals where the test would be contraindicated.


Test reliability refers to the degree to which a test is consistent and stable in measuring what it is intended to measure. Reliability will depend upon how strict the test is conducted and the individual's level of motivation to perform the test. The following link provides a variety of factors that may influence the results and therefore the test reliability.


Test validity refers to the degree to which the test actually measures what it claims to measure and the extent to which inferences, conclusions, and decisions made on the basis of test scores are appropriate and meaningful. This test provides a means to monitor the effect of training on the athlete's physical development.


  • No equipment required
  • Simple to set up and conduct
  • More than one athlete can conduct the test at the same time
  • Can be conducted almost anywhere


  • Assistant required to administer the test


  1. Duda, J. L. (1989) Relationship between task and ego orientation and the perceived purpose of sport among high school athletes. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 11, p. 318-335

Related References

The following references provide additional information on this topic:

  • DE VET, E. et al. (2014) Assessing self-regulation strategies: development and validation of the tempest self-regulation questionnaire for eating (TESQ-E) in adolescents. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, 11 (1), p. 106
  • DUDA, J. L. et al. (1995) Task and ego orientation and intrinsic motivation in sport. International journal of sport psychology
  • CHI, L. and DUDA, J. L. (1995) Multi-sample confirmatory factor analysis of the task and ego orientation in sport questionnaire. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 66 (2), p. 91-98

Page Reference

If you quote information from this page in your work, then the reference for this page is:

  • MACKENZIE, B. (2005) TEOSQ [WWW] Available from: [Accessed

Related Pages

The following Sports Coach pages provide additional information on this topic: