Klatskin Tumor Treatment
Vladislava Tselomudrova provides an overview of Klatskin Tumor Treatment.
Bile duct cancer is a rare disease that develops, along with gallstone disease and chronic cholecystitis. A tumor process is detected in most cases in women after 50 years. In 70% of cases, bile duct cancer is represented by adenocarcinoma, in other cases, by papillary or squamous cell carcinoma.
Klatskin's tumours' symptoms include jaundice, itching of the skin, discomfort, and pain in the abdomen, weight loss, enlarged liver, fever, and enlarged palpable gallbladder.
Pain, enlarged liver, and palpable abdominal tumors are common signs of Klatskin tumor. Pain can be localized in the right hypochondriac and epigastric region, radiating to the right shoulder.
Due to blockage of the common bile duct, jaundice appears, which, unlike the blockage of the duct with a stone, develops without pain and fever.
The course of the disease is usually latent. The appearance of jaundice and itching usually indicates advanced cancer. In most patients at this stage, the tumor is already inoperable.
Ultrasound examination. Ultrasound examination. Ultrasound scanning allows to detect a Klatskin tumor and assess its spread to the walls of the gallbladder and the liver. This method is beneficial when used during endoscopy or laparoscopy.
CT scan. Computed tomography (CT) is used both during the initial diagnosis making and during determining the stage of the malignant process. Besides, the pancreas and liver state are also assessed during the procedure.
Cholangiography (the imaging of the bile duct). Cholangiography also helps in the diagnostics of Klatskin tumors.
Laparoscopy. A laparoscope is inserted into the abdominal cavity through a small incision in the anterior abdominal wall to examine internal organs, including the gallbladder. During this examination, a biopsy is performed (taking a piece of suspicious tissue for histological examination), and the stage of the malignant process is specified.
The laparoscopic method allows doctors to make a precise and correct diagnosis, determine the stage of the process, and choose the most suitable treatment tactics.
Modern endoscopic and laparoscopic equipment is used when carrying out such diagnostic procedures. Leading specialists operate the equipment – endoscopic surgeons proficient in these techniques (both in diagnostics and performing surgical interventions).
Klatskin Tumor Treatment
The surgical method is the primary method of Klatskin tumor treatment.
During the treatment, cholecystectomy is performed, i.e. the surgical removal of the gallbladder and surrounding tissues. Removal of regional (neighboring) lymph nodes is also possible. For surgical interventions on the gallbladder, the laparoscopic method is widely used.
Laparoscopic removal of the gallbladder means that through small incisions (0.5-1.5 cm long) a laparoscope (a telescopic tube containing a lens system and attached to a video camera) is inserted into the abdominal cavity. Thus, the surgeon sees the operating field on the screen and can excise the neoplasm with special instruments. Then the excised tissue is placed in a special container and removed. Laparoscopy is a low-traumatic method that is more easily tolerated by patients and is connected with fewer side effects.
In inoperable cases, chemotherapy treatment is carried out, and sometimes, according to indications, radiation therapy is prescribed.
How can I undergo Klatskin tumor treatment?
It is not easy to self-organize any treatment abroad, especially during the lockdown. Thus, it is safer, easier, and less stressful to use a medical tourism agency's services.
As the largest and most transparent medical tourism agency in the world, Booking Health has up-to-date information about the Klatskin tumor treatment in the best hospitals. We will help find the right clinic for you, considering your wishes for treatment.
We want to help you during these difficult times and take on all the troubles. You can be free of unnecessary stress, while Booking Health takes care of all organizational issues regarding your treatment during the lockdown.
All you need to do is leave a request on Booking Health, and our manager will contact you shortly.
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About the Author
Vladislava Tselomudrova is a freeelance journalist.