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Static Flexibility Test - Trunk and Neck

Testing and measurement are the means of collecting information upon which subsequent performance evaluations and decisions are made but, in the analysis, we need to bear in mind the factors that may influence the results.


The objective of this test is to monitor the development of the athlete's trunk and neck flexibility/mobility.

Required Resources

To undertake this test, you will require:

  • Metre Ruler
  • Two Assistants

How to conduct the test

  • The athlete warms up for 10 minutes
  • The athlete lies prone on the floor with hands clasped at the side of the head
  • The 1st assistant holds the athlete's feet down on the ground throughout the test
  • The athlete raises their head and trunk as high as possible
  • The 2nd assistant measures and records the vertical distance from the ground to the tip of the athlete's nose
  • The test is repeated 3 times
  • The longest recorded vertical distance is used to assess the athlete's performance
Trunk neck Flexibility


The following normative data is available for this test. The table, adapted from Johnson (1986)[1], is for athletes aged under 36.

Rating Men Women
Excellent >10.00 >9.75
Good 8.00 - 10.00 7.75 - 9.75
Average 6.00 - 7.99 5.75 - 7.74
Fair 3.00 - 5.99 2.00 - 5.74
Poor <3.00 <2.00

For an evaluation of the athlete's performance select the gender, enter the distance and then select the 'Calculate' button.

Gender Distance inches     Assessment


Analysis of the test result is by comparing it with the athlete's previous results for this test. It is expected that, with appropriate training between each test, the analysis would indicate an improvement in the athlete's trunk and neck flexibility. The following link provides a variety of factors that may influence the results and therefore the test reliability.

Target Group

These tests are suitable for active individuals but not for those where the test would be contraindicated.


Test reliability refers to the degree to which a test is consistent and stable in measuring what it is intended to measure. Reliability will depend upon how strict the test is conducted and the individual's level of motivation to perform the test.


Test validity refers to the degree to which the test actually measures what it claims to measure and the extent to which inferences, conclusions, and decisions made on the basis of test scores are appropriate and meaningful. This test provides a means to monitor the effect of training on the athlete's physical development.


  • Minimal equipment required
  • Simple to set up and conduct
  • Can be conducted almost anywhere


  • Assistant required to administer the test


  1. JOHNSON, B.L. and NELSON, J.K. (1986) Practical Measurements for Evaluation in PE. 4th ed. Minneapolis: Burgess Publishing

Related References

The following references provide additional information on this topic:

  • DE VRIES, H. A. (1962) Evaluation of static stretching procedures for improvement of flexibility. Research Quarterly. American Association for Health, Physical Education and Recreation, 33 (2), p. 222-229
  • BANDY, W. D. and IRION, J. M. (1994) The effect of time on static stretch on the flexibility of the hamstring muscles. Physical therapy, 74 (9), p. 845-850

Page Reference

If you quote information from this page in your work, then the reference for this page is:

  • MACKENZIE, B. (2007) Static Flexibility Test - Trunk and Neck [WWW] Available from: [Accessed

Related Pages

The following Sports Coach pages provide additional information on this topic: