Orthostatic Heart Rate Test
Athletes are often under a lot of pressure to perform well on a regular basis. This pressure can result in the athlete overtraining and/or becoming stressed. The Orthostatic Heart Rate Test is used to monitor the athlete's state of health.
To perform the Orthostatic Heart Rate Test, you require
How to conduct the test
If the difference is greater than 15 to 20 beats then it is probable that the athlete has not recovered from the previous days training, is under stress or the onset of a possible cold. The athlete should consider adjusting their training to allow the body to recover.
Perform the test as above over a period of 14 days and record your OHR for each day. Review the 14 values and determine a typical range.
Example: An athlete's 14 OHR values are: 7, 7, 9, 8, 9, 8, 9, 7, 7, 9, 8, 8, 10, 8
A typical range for this athlete's OHR is 7 to 9 bpm. If the athlete finds the OHR for a specific day is greater than 9 then review the planned day's training and consider reducing the load and/or volume of work.
A value above the typical range could indicate the onset of a cold or the body has not recovered from the previous day's training. There are other factors that may cause a raised OHR, like a disturbed night, so review the previous 24 hours and see if there was something else that might have contributed to the raised OHR.
Analysis of the result is by comparing it with the results of previous tests. It is expected that, with appropriate recovery between each test, the analysis would indicate an improvement.
This test is suitable for anyone but not for individuals where the test would be contraindicated.
Test reliability refers to the degree to which a test is consistent and stable in measuring what it is intended to measure. Reliability will depend upon how strict the test is conducted and the individual's level of motivation to perform the test. The following link provides a variety of factors that may influence the results and therefore the test reliability.
Test validity refers to the degree to which the test actually measures what it claims to measure and the extent to which inferences, conclusions, and decisions made on the basis of test scores are appropriate and meaningful. This test provides a means to monitor the effect of training on the athlete's physical development.
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