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The 'L' Test

Testing and measurement are the means of collecting information upon which subsequent performance evaluations and decisions are made. In the analysis, we need to bear in mind the factors that may influence the results.


To monitor the development of the athlete's speed with directional change. The 'L' Test is also known as the "3 Cone Test".

Required Resources

To conduct this test, you will require:

  • Flat non-slip surface
  • Three cones
  • Stopwatch
  • Assistant

How to conduct the test

This test requires the athlete to touch a series of cones set out in “L” shape as fast as possible. When required to touch a cone, the athlete can do so with either foot.

  • The athlete warms up for 10 minutes
  • The assistant places three cones (A, B, C) as in the diagram below to form an "L" shape where the distance from cone A to cone B is 5 metres and the distance from cone B to cone C is 5 metres. Cone A is the start and finish of the test.
  • The athlete stands at the cone A facing cone B
  • The assistant gives the signal to 'Go', starts the stopwatch, and the athlete commences the test
  • The athlete runs to and touches cone B, turns and runs back to and touches cone A
  • The athlete turns and runs to and around cone B, keeping it to the left side of the body, to cone C and touches it
  • The athlete turns and runs to and around cone B, keeping it to the right side of the body, to cone A.
  • The coach stops the stopwatch and records the time when the athlete completes the course on passing cone A.

L test


To evaluate the athlete's speed, enter the "Time" and then select the 'Calculate' button.

Time seconds     feet/sec mph m/sec Km/hr


Analysis of the result is by comparing it with previous tests' results. It is expected that, with appropriate training between each test, the analysis would indicate an improvement in the athlete's speed.

Target Group

This test is suitable for active athletes and where the activity includes directional change while playing (e.g. football, hockey, rugby) but not for individuals where the test would be contraindicated.


Test reliability refers to how a test is consistent and stable in measuring what it is intended to measure. Reliability will depend upon how strict the test is conducted and the individual's level of motivation to perform the test. The following link provides various factors that may influence the results and therefore, the test reliability.


Test validity refers to the degree to which the test measures what it claims to measure and the extent to which inferences, conclusions, and decisions made based on test scores are appropriate and meaningful. This test provides a means to monitor training on the athlete's physical development.


  • Minimal equipment required
  • Simple to set up and conduct
  • Can be conducted almost anywhere


  • Assistant required to administer the test

Page Reference

If you quote information from this page in your work, then the reference for this page is:

  • MACKENZIE, B. (2012) 'L' Test [WWW] Available from: [Accessed