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Shuttle Run Test

Testing and measurement are the means of collecting information upon which subsequent performance evaluations and decisions are made but, in the analysis, we need to bear in mind the factors that may influence the results.


The objective of this test is to assess the athlete's ability to accelerate between marked lines and to rapidly change direction

Required Resources

To undertake this test, you will require:

  • Cones
  • Two wooden blocks 5cm x 5cm x 10cm
  • Stopwatch
  • Assistant

How to conduct the test

  • The athlete warms up for 10 minutes
  • The assistant marks out a 10-metre straight section on the track with cones placing the two wooden blocks at the finish line
  • The assistant gives the command “GO” and starts the stopwatch
  • The athlete sprints as fast as possible from the starting line to the finishing line, picks up a block, returns the block to the ground behind the starting line, sprints back to the finishing line, picks up the 2nd block and sprints back to the start line.
  • The stopwatch is stopped when the athlete's torso crosses the line on returning the 2nd block and the time is recorded.
  • The test is restarted if the 1st block is dropped rather than placed on the floor or is not placed behind the line
  • The test is conducted 3 times
  • The assistant uses the fastest recorded time to assess the athlete's performance


Analysis of the result is by comparing it with the results of previous tests. It is expected that, with appropriate training between each test, the analysis would indicate an improvement.

Target Group

This test is suitable for active athletes but not for individuals where the test would be contraindicated.


Test reliability refers to the degree to which a test is consistent and stable in measuring what it is intended to measure. Reliability will depend upon how strict the test is conducted and the individual's level of motivation to perform the test. The following link provides a variety of factors that may influence the results and therefore the test reliability.


Test validity refers to the degree to which the test actually measures what it claims to measure and the extent to which inferences, conclusions, and decisions made on the basis of test scores are appropriate and meaningful. This test provides a means to monitor the effect of training on the athlete's physical development.


  • Minimal equipment required
  • Simple to set up and conduct
  • Can be conducted almost anywhere


  • Assistant required to administer the test

Related References

The following references provide additional information on this topic:

  • BAKER, J. et al. (1993) Maximal shuttle running over 40 m as a measure of anaerobic performance. British journal of sports medicine, 27 (4), p. 228-232
  • WISLOFF, U. et al. (2004) Strong correlation of maximal squat strength with sprint performance and vertical jump height in elite soccer players. British journal of sports medicine, 38 (3), p. 285-288

Page Reference

If you quote information from this page in your work, then the reference for this page is:

  • MACKENZIE, B. (2007) Shuttle Run Test [WWW] Available from: [Accessed

Related Pages

The following Sports Coach pages provide additional information on this topic: