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Squats Test

Testing and measurement are the means of collecting information upon which subsequent performance evaluations and decisions are made but, in the analysis, we need to bear in mind the factors that may influence the results.


The objective of this test is to monitor the development of the athlete's leg strength

Required Resources

To undertake this test, you will require:

  • A chair or box that makes the athlete's knees bend at right angles when they are sitting
  • Assistant

How to conduct the test

This test requires the athlete to complete as many squats as possible with no rest.

  • The athlete warms up for 10 minutes
  • The athlete stands in front of a chair, facing away from it, with their feet shoulder width apart
  • The athlete squats down lightly touching the chair with their backside before standing back up and repeats this sequence of movements until they are unable to continue
  • The assistant counts and records the number of successfully completed squats


The following normative data is available for this test.

The following tables provide normative data for adults - source unknown.


Age 18-25 26-35 36-45 46-55 56-65 65+
Excellent >49 >45 >41 >35 >31 >28
Good 44-49 40-45 35-41 29-35 25-31 22-28
Above average 39-43 35-39 30-34 25-38 21-24 19-21
Average 35-38 31-34 27-29 22-24 17-20 15-18
Below Average 31-34 29-30 23-26 18-21 13-16 11-14
Poor 25-30 22-28 17-22 13-17 9-12 7-10
Very Poor <25 <22 <17 <9 <9 <7


Age 18-25 26-35 36-45 46-55 56-65 65+
Excellent >43 >39 >33 >27 >24 >23
Good 37-43 33-39 27-33 22-27 18-24 17-23
Above average 33-36 29-32 23-26 18-21 13-17 14-16
Average 29-32 25-28 19-22 14-17 10-12 11-13
Below Average 25-28 21-24 15-18 10-13 7-9 5-10
Poor 18-24 13-20 7-14 5-9 3-6 2-4
Very Poor <18 <20 <7 <5 <3 <2

For an evaluation of the athlete's leg strength select the age group and gender, enter the number of squats and then select the 'Calculate' button.

Age Gender Number of Squats     Assessment -


Analysis of the test result is by comparing it with the athlete's previous results for this test. It is expected that, with appropriate training between each test, the analysis would indicate an improvement in the athlete's leg strength.

Target Group

This test is suitable for active athletes but not for individuals where the test would be contraindicated.


Test reliability refers to the degree to which a test is consistent and stable in measuring what it is intended to measure. Reliability will depend upon how strict the test is conducted and the individual's level of motivation to perform the test. The following link provides a variety of factors that may influence the results and therefore the test reliability.


Test validity refers to the degree to which the test actually measures what it claims to measure and the extent to which inferences, conclusions, and decisions made on the basis of test scores are appropriate and meaningful. This test provides a means to monitor the effect of training on the athlete's physical development.


  • Minimal equipment required
  • Simple to set up and conduct
  • Can be conducted almost anywhere


  • Specific facilities required
  • Assistant required to administer the test

Related References

The following references provide additional information on this topic:

  • FRY, A. C. et al. (2014) Kansas Squat Test: A Reliable Indicator of Short-term Anaerobic Power. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research, 28 (3), p. 630-635
  • MCBRIDE, J. M. et al. (2002) The effect of heavy-vs. light-load jump squats on the development of strength, power, and speed. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research, 16 (1), p. 75-82
  • BRET, C. et al. (2002) Leg strength and stiffness as ability factors in 100 m sprint running. The Journal of sports medicine and physical fitness, 42 (3), p. 274-281

Page Reference

If you quote information from this page in your work, then the reference for this page is:

  • MACKENZIE, B. (2005) Squats Test [WWW] Available from: [Accessed

Related Pages

The following Sports Coach pages provide additional information on this topic: