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'T' Drill Test

Testing and measurement are the means of collecting information upon which subsequent performance evaluations and decisions are made but, in the analysis, we need to bear in mind the factors that may influence the results.


To monitor the development of the athlete's speed with directional change.

Required Resources

To undertake this test, you will require:

  • Flat non-slip surface
  • Four cones
  • Stopwatch
  • Assistant

How to conduct the test

This test requires the athlete to touch a series of cones set out in “T” shape whilst sidestepping and running as fast as possible.

  • The athlete warms up for 10 minutes
  • The assistant places 3 cones 5 metres apart on a straight line (A, B, C) and a 4th cone (D) is placed 10 metres from the middle cone (B) so that the 4 cones form a 'T'.
  • The athlete stands at the cone (D) at the base of the “T” facing the “T”
  • The assistant gives the signal to 'Go', starts the stopwatch and the athlete commences the test
  • The athlete runs to and touches the middle cone (B), sidestep 5 metres to the left cone (A) and touches it, sidestep 10 metres to the far cone (C) and touches it, side step 5 metres back to the middle cone (B) and touches it and then runs 10 metres backwards to the base of the 'T' and touches that cone (D)
  • The coach stops the stopwatch and records the time when the athlete touches the cone at the base of the “T”

T Drill


The following table, adapted from Hoffman(1961)[1], is for high school athletes.

Excellent Above Average Average Below Average Poor
<10.01 secs 10.01 - 10.13 secs 10.13 - 10.37 secs 10.37 - 10.67 secs >10.67 secs

For an evaluation of the athlete's speed enter the "Time" and then select the 'Calculate' button.

Time seconds   feet/sec mph m/sec Km/hr


Analysis of the result is by comparing it with the results of previous tests. It is expected that, with appropriate training between each test, the analysis would indicate an improvement in the athlete's speed.

Target Group

This test is suitable for active athletes but not for individuals where the test would be contraindicated.


Test reliability refers to the degree to which a test is consistent and stable in measuring what it is intended to measure. Reliability will depend upon how strict the test is conducted and the individual's level of motivation to perform the test. The following link provides a variety of factors that may influence the results and therefore the test reliability.


Test validity refers to the degree to which the test actually measures what it claims to measure and the extent to which inferences, conclusions, and decisions made on the basis of test scores are appropriate and meaningful. This test provides a means to monitor the effect of training on the athlete's physical development.


  • Minimal equipment required
  • Simple to set up and conduct
  • Can be conducted almost anywhere


  • Assistant required to administer the test


  1. HOFFMAN, J. (2014) Physiological aspects of sport training and performance. Human Kinetics, UK

Related References

The following references provide additional information on this topic:

  • LOCKIE, R. G. et al. (2014) The Effects of Traditional and Enforced Stopping Speed and Agility Training on Multidirectional Speed and Athletic Function. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research, 28 (6), p. 1538-1551

Page Reference

If you quote information from this page in your work, then the reference for this page is:

  • MACKENZIE, B. (2000) 'T' Drill Test [WWW] Available from: [Accessed

Related Pages

The following Sports Coach pages provide additional information on this topic: