Yo-Yo Intermittent Endurance Test
Testing and measurement are the means of collecting information
upon which subsequent performance evaluations and
decisions are made. In the analysis, we need to bear in mind the factors that may influence the results.
There are two versions of the "Yo-Yo Endurance Test" developed by Bangsbo (1994) which are both similar to the Beep test. The version one test, designed for recreational players, is the same as the standard Beep test. Version 2, designed for elite players, starts at a higher running speed and has different increments in speed.
The "Yo-Yo Intermittent Endurance Test" objective is to monitor the development of the athlete's maximum oxygen uptake (VO2 max) and the ability to perform repeated interval work.
To conduct this test, you will require:
- Flat non-slippery surface
- 30-metre tape measure
- Marking Cones
- The Yo-Yo Intermittent Endurance Test CD
- CD Player
- Recording sheets
How to conduct the test
This test requires the athlete to run 20m in time with a beep from a CD recording. The athlete must place one foot on or beyond the 20m marker at the end of each shuttle.
- The athlete warms up for 10 minutes
- The assistant measures out a 20 metre and 2.5m section and mark with cones (A, B and C)
- When signalled by the CD, the athlete runs from cone C to cone B
- The athlete then has a 5-second active recovery by jogging to cone A and back to cone B
- The athlete continues running between the cones as signalled by the CD
- The assistant keeps a record of each completed lap (20m)
- A warning is given when the athlete does not complete a successful out and back shuttle (cone B to C and back to B) in the allocated time, the next time the athlete does not complete a successful shuttle, the test is stopped
- The assistant records the total distance completed
A formula for estimating VO2 max(ml/min/kg) from the result of the "Yo-Yo Intermittent Endurance Test Level 2" (Bangsbo et al. 2008):
- VO2 max = distance in meters x 0.0136 + 45.3
Analysis of the result is by comparing it with previous tests' results. It is expected that, with appropriate training between each
test, the analysis would indicate an improvement.
This test was developed specifically for soccer players, though it is suitable for similar sports where the athlete's participation is intermittent. The test is not suitable for individuals where a maximal exercise test would be contraindicated.
Test reliability refers to how a test is consistent and stable in measuring what it is intended to measure. Reliability will depend upon how strict the test is conducted and the individual's level of motivation to perform the test. The following link provides various factors that may influence the results and therefore, the test reliability.
Test validity refers to the degree to which the test measures what it claims to measure and the extent to which inferences, conclusions, and decisions made based on test scores are appropriate and meaningful. This test provides a means to monitor training on the athlete's physical development.
- Minimal equipment required
- Simple to set up and conduct
- Can be conducted almost anywhere
- Specialist equipment required
- Assistant required to administer the test
This test is available from Bitworks (on their site see the paragraph on "Team Beep Test Software for PC").
- BANGSBO, J. (1994) Fitness Training in Football: A Scientific Approach. August Krogh Institute: Copenhagen University
- BANGSBO, J. et al. (2008) The Yo-Yo Intermittent Recovery Test: A Useful Tool for Evaluation of Physical Performance in Intermittent Sports, Sports Medicine, 38 (1), p. 37-51.
If you quote information from this page in your work, then the reference for this page is:
- MACKENZIE, B. (2008) Yo-Yo Intermittent Endurance Test [WWW] Available from: https://www.brianmac.co.uk/yoyoit.htm [Accessed